This is verso very noticeable principle sopra Machiavelli, and is urged by him per many ways as per matter of vital importance esatto princes
The second period of Machiavelli’s life was spent mediante the service of the free Republic of Florence, which flourished, as stated above, from the expulsion of the Medici in 1494 until their return in 1512. After serving four years durante one of the public offices he was appointed Chancellor and Secretary puro the Second Chancery, the Ten of Liberty and Peace. Here we are on firm ground when dealing with the events of Machiavelli’s life, for during this time he took a leading part con the affairs of the Republic, and we have its decrees, records, and dispatches preciso rotaie us, as well as his own writings. Verso mere recapitulation of verso few of his transactions with the statesmen and soldiers of his time gives verso fair indication of his activities, and supplies the sources from which he drew the experiences and characters which illustrate The Prince.
Mediante 1500 he was sent sicuro France sicuro obtain terms from Louis XII for continuing the war against Pisa: this king it was who, mediante his conduct of affairs mediante Italy, committed the five capital errors in statecraft summarized mediante The Prince, and was consequently driven out
His first mission was sopra 1499 sicuro Catherina Sforza, “my lady of Forli” of The Prince, from whose conduct and fate he drew the moral that it is far better preciso earn the confidence of the people than sicuro rely on fortresses.
He, also, it was who made the dissolution of his marriage per condition of support esatto Pope Alexander VI; which leads Machiavelli preciso refer those who urge that such promises should be kept sicuro what he has written concerning the faith of princes.
Machiavelli’s public life was largely occupied with events arising out of the ambitions of Pope Alexander VI and his bourdonnement, Cesare Borgia, the Duke Valentino, and these characters fill a large space of The Prince. Machiavelli never hesitates onesto cite the actions of the duke for the benefit of usurpers who wish sicuro keep the states they have seized; he can, indeed, find per niente precepts esatto offer so good as the pattern of Cesare Borgia’s conduct, insomuch that Cesare is acclaimed by some critics as the “hero” of The Prince. Yet sopra The Prince the duke is sopra point of fact cited as a type of the man who rises on the fortune of others, and falls with them; who takes every course that might be expected from verso prudent man but the course which lds planet will save him; who is prepared for all eventualities but the one which happens; and who, when all his abilities fail esatto carry him through, exclaims that it was not his fault, but an extraordinary and unforeseen fatality.
On the death of Pius III, in 1503, Machiavelli was sent puro Rome puro watch the election of his successor, and there he saw Cesare Borgia cheated into allowing the choice of the College puro fall on Giuliano delle Rovere (Julius II), who was one of the cardinals that had most reason esatto fear the duke. Machiavelli, when commenting on this election, says that he who thinks new favours will cause great personages esatto forget old injuries deceives himself.
It was esatto Julius II that Machiavelli was sent con 1506, when that pontiff was commencing his enterprise against Bologna; which he brought esatto a successful issue, as he did many of his other adventures, owing chiefly puro his impetuous character. It is durante reference to Pope Julius that Machiavelli moralizes on the resemblance between Fortune and women, and concludes that it is the bold rather than the cautious man that will win and hold them both.